The Palace of Versailles is engaged in restoring the Queen’s Grove. A project of several months during which the Grove will not be accessible to visitors.
In this, the 20th anniversary of the great storm of 1999, the replanting of the Queen’s Grove will ensure that the Palace of Versailles continues to pursue its policy of restoring and enhancing the gardens, which are really plant-laden extensions to the royal residence. The Queen’s Grove deteriorated considerably during the 19th and 20th centuries, and today is a mere shadow of what it once was, although it still retains most of the original layout. The walks with their imposing foliage have now become unremarkable paths and the botanical diversity has gone, giving way to uniform bushes.
Before the restoration begins, some detailed documentary archeological research has been undertaken to determine the original layout as precisely as possible : plants, furnishings, sculpted décor, etc. First, the central square and the access paths will be replanted with tulip trees, so that the Grove will once again be filled with plant life, as in the time of Marie-Antoinette.
A colossal project
This two-year project is divided into three periods of time. First, the central square and the access paths will be replanted with tulip trees, so that the Grove will once again be filled with plant life, as in the time of Marie-Antoinette. This work will be followed by a gradual replanting of the vegetation around the perimeter. The small arbours will be planted with trees and flowering shrubs.
The tree and shrub species will be selected from a wide range of plants, consistent with those used in the Gardens at the end of the 18th century. This great diversity of flowering trees will give each arbour in the Grove its own indidvidual atmosphere and each will have its own name : white fringe tree arbour, hawthorn arbour, staghorn sumac arbour …
An unusual Grove
Created in 1776 to replace the Maze Grove, this ornamental garden bordering the Orangery Parterre was designed especially for Queen Marie-Antoinette so that she could have somewhere secluded to walk , away from the many visitors to the Palace.
The Queen’s Grove is unusual among the Gardens of Versailles, as it is the only one whose fame and magnificence lie in its plant components.
The design reflects the taste at that time for landscaped gardens, combining the precision of the French Court, with the twists and turns of the walks inspired by the new English-style gardens.
« The Queen’s Grove is a unique garden. I believe the only way to make it more pleasant and increase the space is to turn it into a Grove in the modern style, to introduce all the foreign trees that have a certain appeal. This space requires artistic variety in the shapes of the trees and their leaves the colour of the flowers, the period when they will be in bloom, and the different shades of foliage …. »
Gabriel Thouin, landscape architect, 22 October 1775
BECOME A PATRON
Alongside one or more major patrons, individuals and companies are invited to take part in this important heritage operation by adopting a flowering arbour or a Virginia tulip tree.
If you have any question, please contact the patronage department by email or telephone by taking a look at the document below.
Interview of ariane herviaux, site manager on the restoration of the queen's grove
At only 28 years Ariane Herviaux already left her marks on the gardens of Versailles. Working for the Pinson Paysage Company, she took part in the restoration of the Mirror grove from 2010 to 2012 and in the restoration of Latona’s parterre from 2013 to 2015. Today, Ariane Herviaux is returning to work as a site manager on the restoration of the Queen’s grove, under the direction of the Heritage and Gardens Department of the Palace of Versailles, led by Jacques Moulin, Chief Architect of Historical Monuments.
What are the different stages of the project?
The first stage of the site restoration took place from January 2020 to June 2020 and consisted in replanting around a hundred tulip trees in the central square of the grove. We selected the trees from the nursery and replanted them at the age of 15, when already being several meters high. First, we needed to achieve an important earthwork in order to provide topsoil adapted to the tulip trees and restore the alleys and the central esplanade.
The second stage of the restoration is about to start and will involve replanting the neighbouring rooms with flower beds composed of perennials and roses, among other plants.
What difficulties did you encounter during that first stage?
At the beginning, the greatest difficulties that we had to overcome were the restructuration of the main room as well as the alignment of the tulip trees, as the new plans had to coincide with the former ones.
The rain that persisted during three months, from January to March 2020, complicated the task. The soil in Versailles being mainly made of sand and clay the machines got bogged down easily and the wet soil became very difficult to shape.
Afterwards and until autumn, including the lockdown period, large watering monitoring was essential in order to eliminate as much air as possible from the roots and to assist in the trees’ recovery.
What is your best memory of this project so far?
Seeing the results a few months after replanting the trees is a moving memory because the Virginia tulip trees have already grown well. The first planting of a tree after the extensive earthwork is always a beautiful moment as well.
In your opinion, what is the impact of patronage on this type of project?
Patrons are very active at the Palace of Versailles and it's great luck that they support the heritage restorations. Their involvement allows to confirm the promising future for gardener and landscaper professions.
"With the support of the State, but also of all the people who love Versailles, we are fighting. We hope to get through this difficult period without letting go of what makes the Estate’s core greatness, so that it continues to shine throughout the world ", Catherine Pégard, President.
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