Father of the Latin Church
330 - 379

The decision to have monumental sculpted decoration on the balustrade and the pediment of the Royal Chapel was taken in around 1705. The carefully chosen subject matter of the decoration mixes allegory with great figures of Christianity. The four evangelists rub shoulders with the twelve apostles, the four Fathers of the Latin Church, the four Fathers of the Greek Church and six allegories of Christian virtue.

Sculptor
Jean Poultier (1653-1719)

Date sculpted
1708

Height
2.76 metres, including plinth

Material
Tonnerre stone

The restoration of the Royal Chapel

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Saint Basil

One of the fathers of the Greek Church, Saint Basil is represented as an elderly man, bald and with a long, curly beard. He is dressed as a bishop, wearing a tunic, chasuble and a stole draped over his shoulder in the manner of the Eastern church. In his right hand, he is holding a book which is held partially open with his left. Born in around 330 to a noble family, saint Basil received a solid Christian upbringing. After spending several years as a hermit in the Palestinian desert, he became bishop of Caesarea in 370. His episcopacy was notable for the defence of Orthodoxy against Arianism, opposition to political power and concern for the well-being of the people in his charge. He was the main legislator of the eastern monastic movement, and left a considerable body of ideological and theological work. He died in 379.

Saint Basil - detail

© EPV/Thomas Garnier

THE SCULPTOR JEAN POULTIER

Received at the Royal Academy in 1684, most of his career as a sculptor was spent in the king’s service. His first commission at Versailles was the Water Parterre, for which he supplied the model for one of the eight groups of children destined for the corners of the two pools. He also sculpted a marble vase and the statue of Dido for the Royal Way and the Term of Ceres for Latona's Parterre. He created several reliefs for the interior of the Chapel, including one of an angel holding a chandelier, located above one of the western doors of the gallery, and the spandrel relief depicting the Prayer in the Garden of Gethsemane. His refined, dynamic style is powerful and elegant and makes Jean Poultier one of the sculptors who is most representative of Versailles art.

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