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The Belvedere and its Rock restored

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The project

On 6 June 2012, the palace of Versailles officially opened the Belvedere and its Rock, restored after a year of work.

The Belvedere and its Rock are located in the Country Garden or English Garden of Trianon, laid out in the 1780s for queen Marie-Antoinette, in the style of landscape gardens, in which the picturesque combination of the architecture and the vegetation is brought to its highest degree of refinement.

The Belvedere, the principal building dominating the ornamental lake of the garden, is an octagonal pavilion built by the architect Richard Mique. It illustrates perfectly the taste of the 18th century for picturesque scenes of vegetation and architecture.

Used by the queen as her music room, the Belvedere pavilion, like Cupid’s Temple, is decorated in the classical style. The balance of its proportions, the refinement of its sculpture and the richness of its interior paintings of rural themes is completed by the patterned polychrome marble floor.

The Rock, which completes this landscaped scene, drawn and designed by the painter Hubert Robert, forms the pendant to the Belvedere with its contrasting aesthetic.

The restoration work on the Belvedere involved its cut stone walls, the balustrade, the figures of sphinxes framing each of the flights of steps and the lead roof of the dome.

The restoration of the interior paintings required extensive cleaning operations and the elimination of repainting done in the 19th century, the reintegration of missing pictures and painstaking work on the gilding highlights. The Rock had its structure reinforced and its water features recreated.


This restoration was made possible thanks to the sponsorship of VINCI
and the World Monument Fund (Robert W. Wilson Challenge to Conserve Our Heritage). Vinci World Monuments Fund

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